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Mycorrhizal Mushrooms Are One… But What Are The Four Major Categories of Mushrooms

Variety Of Mushrooms

Are you thinking about growing your own mushrooms, but aren’t sure what kind? Morels, White Button, Reishi, Cordyceps, Shiitake– there are many varieties of mushroom around. Some mushrooms share similar qualities, permitting scientists to classify them in among four groups. The 4 classifications are saprotrophic, mycorrhizal, parasitical, as well as endophytic, and they describe the way the mushroom gets nutrients. Comprehending the four classifications may aid you choose what sort of mushroom to grow.


Saprotrophic mushrooms include many typical edible mushrooms, consisting of morels, cremini, white switch, portabella, as well as shiitake. These mushrooms prosper on dead as well as rotting wood, as they possess the ability to break down plant issue as well as convert it right into nutrients. They aid quicken the decay of whatever tree or plant they’re attached to.

The problems have to be ideal for saprotrophic mushrooms to expand. They need water, oxygen, dirt with a pH of 7 or less, and cooler temperatures. Saprotrophic fungi can be additional broken down right into 2 classifications: litter decomposers, as well as timber decay fungis. Trash decomposers break down plant issue and are commonly found scattered throughout the ground in the woods. Wood degeneration fungi can in fact break down the timber on trees. Many saprotrophic mushrooms are litter decomposers, yet some, such as reishi mushrooms, fall under the wood decay classification.

Mycorrhizal Mushrooms

Mycorrhizal mushrooms have a symbiotic partnership with the plant they handle as host, implying both the mushroom and the plant benefit. The mushroom is able to receive several of the plant’s sugar, aiding it to flourish. In return, the mushroom provides water and also defense against certain conditions to the plant.

Mycorrhizal mushrooms are broken down right into a number of classifications. Many mushrooms, however, can be located in one– ectomycorrhizas. These mushrooms latch on close to a plant’s root system, as well as grow through the dirt– really expanding the plant’s origin system. This permits both the mushroom as well as the plant much better accessibility to nutrients deep within the dirt. Mycorrhizal mushrooms consist of truffles and chanterelles.


With parasitical mushrooms, the connection is useful for the mushroom– not a lot for the plant. Cordyceps are among the most popular mushrooms of this kind. They expand on the backs of caterpillars and also various other insects and also replace the host’s cells with that of the mushroom. Parasites likewise take important nutrients from their host. Chaga and Lion’s Mane are two other examples of parasitic mushrooms. Both grow on tree bark.

Parasitic fungi do at some point kill their host. Though rare, certain parasitic fungis can also connect to people, leading to significant medical problems such as infection.


Endophytes are an intricate classification of fungis. Like parasitical mushrooms, endophytes take control of their host’s cells. With Endophytes, nonetheless, this does not hurt the host. Actually, they have a cooperative partnership, with the mushrooms aiding their plant host get essential nutrients from the dirt, giving water, and also shielding them from diseases.

Numerous sorts of endophytic fungi do not create mushrooms. They are challenging to see in nature however very easy to grow in a laboratory. It’s likewise interesting to note that virtually every plant has an endophytic fungal infection of some kind.

Conclusion: They’re Not all Mycorrhizal Mushrooms

There are a variety of mushrooms out there ranging from symbiotic fungi to parasitic. From the decadent morel to the meaningful portabella, nearly everybody can find a mushroom they enjoy. Knowing a little about the four types of mushrooms not only improves your understanding, yet it can additionally help you if you wish to grow mushrooms of your own.

Kate Whittly

What started out as an intention to learn more about medicinal mushrooms to help keep my family healthy has turned into a mission to share my research with as many people as possible. Knowledge is power and I'm so glad you're here.

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